The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
Some 25% of the EU population are older citizens, a growing market of economic and social players in the digital age. The European Union faces a new challenge: the coincidence of longevity and widespread digitalisation. Therefore, changing the approach to the "silver economy" is an imperative, says the EESC.
In its opinion “The digital pillar of growth: e-seniors, a potential 25% of the European population” adopted at the plenary on 13 July, the EESC argues that indeed, on one hand, the increased number of elderly people can be an opportunity for the commercial sector providing tailored goods and services for this growing market, but mainly on second hand, to maintain included in real life 125 million of citizen will be compulsory for European economy. Indeed, by 2060, there will be two older people for every young person, and the number of very elderly people will exceed the number of children under five. While this is a potential burden for social protection systems, it could be in the same time a huge opportunity of development if 50+ people were considered as a positive strength linked to their competences, knowledge, and capacity of innovation.
"Information technologies must become just as much a part of the lives of Europe’s 125 million older citizens as they are for others, and not limited to technical or medical aid", notes EESC Rapporteur Laure Batut.
To achieve that, the opinion recommends the generalisation of internet accessibility as a right to a universal service, including for the poorest seniors. One approach would be to provide public spaces where people have free internet access with an assistance coming from local administration and to set up voluntary dedicated civic service. Member States could undertake awareness-raising campaigns to inform their citizens about the digital training possibilities on offer for older people. Another strategy, according to the opinion, could be to establish formal links with universities to facilitate older people's access to massive open online courses (MOOCs).
Ensuring access necessitates the development of a global system of governance to bring older people into the digital world. This would address both digital and demographic transitions and promote digital inclusion of all seniors, notes the opinion.
Exchange for digital inclusion
Furthermore, the EESC recommends adding a "senior" strand to Erasmus+, and call it, for instance, SENECA, a 'Senior Erasmus Programme’. This could be an ideal platform for exchanging good practice and promoting further take-up of digital skills among this growing class of senior EU citizens.
EESC opinion "The digital pillar of growth: e-seniors, a potential 25% of the European population" (13/07/2016)
In this opinion, the EESC notes that the measures taken by the EU Member States to address the challenge of an ageing workforce remain isolated and their impact has not been gauged. Therefore, the EESC highlights the need for comprehensive strategies, to deal with the demographic and employment challenges in a holistically manner.
The Committee also issues concrete recommendations to encourage longer active working lives.