Compendium of studies carried out in 2012 on the initiative of the EESC
Research into the importance of social and economic cohesion policies in the context of the new financial framework 2014-2020 and the impact that trade
union organisations could have in this process.
This study addresses questions concerning the state of the Civil Society and how Civil Society Organisations have been affected by the Financial Crisis. Through analysis of data gathered from various reports and other documentation, in-depth interviews with a number of individual representatives from different organisations and thought-leaders in the field, and results of a questionnaire survey, this study reveals a diversity of responses from the broad field of civil society in Europe.
Social Media have clearly altered the nature of civil society and also have an impact on democratic and political engagement, particularly among civil society organisations.
While it is true that these policies have allowed the country to get a handle on its finances, they have also exacerbated and multiplied social problems and triggered the second wave of emigration since Lithuania joined the EU.
The future development of the Latvian economy, at least in the short term, will remain heavily
dependent on export opportunities, so its growth potential will be closely linked to growth prospects
in its major EU trading partners.
Key words: labour market, employment, unemployment, active and passive labour market policy measures, social partners, social welfare reform, adaptation to the economic crisis.
There are many ways of looking at Ireland’s economic predicament.
Italy was severely hit by the global economic crisis in the second quarter of 2008. After showing tentative signs of recovery during 2010 and in early 2011, with the deepening sovereign debt crisis in some European countries and a growing lack of confidence towards Italy, a country with a high level of debt, the economy suffered another setback and has slipped into a new recession.
Despite the explicit intentions of the public authorities, it appears that the structural measures to reform the labour market have had no real impact in terms of changing the situation of the labour market, in which unemployment is still extremely widespread. The new government appears to want to continue with the same anti-crisis policies, despite the fact that the Spanish economy has shown no signs of recovery for at least two years, as pointed out by economic commentators and financial intermediaries.