Economia circolare

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La transizione verso un'economia circolare è una delle priorità dell'agenda del CESE, in quanto rappresenta una soluzione per combattere la crisi climatica e proteggere il nostro pianeta. Si tratta di una grande opportunità per la società civile, poiché può contribuire a:

  • aumentare la competitività dell'industria europea,
  • promuovere una crescita economica sostenibile;
  • creare nuovi posti di lavoro.

Il modello di produzione e consumo "prendi, produci, getta", che ancora oggi domina la nostra economia, non solo si traduce in uno spreco di risorse, ma compromette anche la lotta contro i cambiamenti climatici. A differenza dell'economia lineare, un'economia circolare è un progetto di rigenerazione e riparazione incentrato sulla creazione e il mantenimento del valore economico, che affronta sfide ambientali globali, quali i cambiamenti climatici, la perdita di biodiversità e l'inquinamento, e apporta nel contempo benefici economici.

La buona notizia è che la transizione circolare è già in atto sul campo. I portatori di interessi della società civile, tra cui le imprese, i sindacati, il mondo accademico e le comunità della conoscenza, le organizzazioni giovanili, le ONG e altri gruppi di interesse stanno creando e attuando molte iniziative circolari a livello locale e regionale. Catalizzare le soluzioni circolari e la leadership delle parti interessate rappresenta la migliore opportunità per l'Europa di accelerare la transizione verso un'economia circolare.

In quanto tale, la piattaforma europea delle parti interessate per l'economia circolare, un'iniziativa congiunta del CESE e della Commissione europea, è stata istituita nel 2017 per riunire la comunità dell'economia circolare in Europa. La piattaforma, guidata dalle parti interessate, sostiene la transizione dell'Europa verso un'economia circolare promuovendo il dialogo, la condivisione delle conoscenze e lo scambio delle buone pratiche.

  • Adopted on 13/07/2022 - Bureau decision date: 19/10/2021
    Reference
    NAT/851-EESC-2022
    Workers - GR II
    Austria

    The Sustainable Products Initiative (SPI) package aims to make every aspect of the design, production, use and sale of products placed on the EU market more environmentally-friendly and circular to deliver on the sustainability and climate objectives. The proposals of the package will introduce a new era where sustainable products become the norm as well as Europe's resource independence.

  • Adopted on 18/05/2022 - Bureau decision date: 19/10/2021
    Reference
    NAT/846-EESC-2021
    Employers - GR I
    France
    EESC opinion: Restoring sustainable carbon cycles
  • Adopted on 09/06/2021 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    INT/903-EESC-2020-01-01
    (Germany

    In its own-initiative opinion, the EESC examines the extent to which existing EU company law currently serves as an "expedient" for the politically-desirable Green Deal and which gaps still need to be closed, in particular regarding corporate social responsibility obligations. The opinion aims at following-up on the European Commission's initiative on due diligence and broadening the debate on sustainable corporate governance interlinking the social, environmental and economic dimensions.

    EESC opinion: No Green Deal without a Social Deal
  • Adopted on 16/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 18/02/2020
    Reference
    INT/898-EESC-2020-01-01
    Employers - GR I
    Bulgaria
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Greece

    Europe is embarking on a transition towards climate neutrality and digital leadership. European businesses can lead the way as we enter this new age, as they has done in the past.

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are essential to Europe’s competitiveness and prosperity. Based on the new SME Strategy, the EU will support SMEs by:

    • encouraging innovation through new funding and digital innovation hubs as part of the sustainable and digital transitions;
    • cutting red tape by reducing barriers within the Single Market and opening up access to finance;
    • allowing better access to finance by setting up an SME Initial Public Offering Fund (with investments channelled through a new private-public fund) and the ESCALAR initiative (a mechanism to boost the size of venture capital funds and attract more private investment).
    EESC opinion: SME strategy
    • Position paper "Strengthening SMEs: Way Forward to a Dedicated SME Strategy"
  • Adopted on 15/07/2020 - Bureau decision date: 09/06/2020
    Reference
    ECO/523-EESC-2020-02886-00-00-AC-TRA

    The EESC strongly supports the Commission's proposal – Next Generation EU – as a specific tool for a quick and effective recovery.

    The EESC takes a very positive view of the Commission's two main decisions:

    1. to introduce an extraordinary financial recovery instrument as part of the multiannual financial framework
    2. to raise common debt, which will be repaid over a long period of time, and prevent the extraordinary financial burden from falling directly on the Member States in the short run.

    The EESC strongly welcomes the fact that the newly proposed instrument should be closely coordinated with the European Semester process, and furthermore welcomes the Commission's proposal to introduce additional genuine own resources based on different taxes (revenues from the EU Emissions Trading System, digital taxation, large companies' revenues).

    EESC opinion: Recovery plan for Europe and the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027
  • Adopted on 15/07/2020 - Bureau decision date: 18/02/2020
    Reference
    INT/897-EESC-2020-01-01
    (Romania
    Workers - GR II
    Germany

    The European Union and its Member States must stand united to protect their sovereignty. The EESC firmly believes that if Europe is to maintain its leading role in the world, it needs a strong, competitive industrial base. The EESC recognises the crucial importance of shifting to a carbon-neutral economy and of reversing the current curve of biodiversity collapse. Without a green industrial strategy as a cornerstone of the Green Deal, the EU will never succeed in reaching a carbon-neutral economy within one generation. The new industrial strategy must ensure the right balance between supporting European businesses, respecting our 2050 climate neutrality objective and providing consumers with incentives to shift consumption to sustainable goods and services .

    EESC opinion: Industrial strategy
  • Adopted on 30/10/2019 - Bureau decision date: 19/03/2019
    Reference
    NAT/775-EESC-2019-01-01-02306
    Workers - GR II
    Germany
    EESC opinion: Delivering on the circular economy action plan
  • Adopted on 26/09/2019 - Bureau decision date: 24/01/2019
    Reference
    NAT/764-EESC-2019-01-01-02078-00-00
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Ireland
    EESC opinion: Developing synergies across different circular economy roadmaps (own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 17/07/2019 - Bureau decision date: 19/03/2019
    Reference
    TEN/695-EESC-2019-01-01-01938
    Workers - GR II
    France

    The EESC takes note of the Fourth Report on the State of the Energy Union (SEU), supports the objectives of the Energy Union and welcomes the emphasis on the engagement and mobilisation of EU society to take full ownership of the Energy Union.

    EESC opinion: Report on the State of the Energy Union
  • Adopted on 19/09/2018 - Bureau decision date: 22/05/2018
    Reference
    INT/863-EESC-2018-01-01-02860-00-00-AC-TRA
    (Luxembourg

    The majority of road accidents are down to human error alone, so a comprehensive approach to road safety is needed. It should cover driver behaviour, the working conditions and skills of professional drivers, and infrastructure.

    EESC opinion: Vehicle safety / protection of vulnerable road users