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Le relazioni tra l'UE e i suoi vicini meridionali costituiscono una delle priorità del Comitato. La nostra attività in tale ambito riguarda un'ampia gamma di settori, come la partecipazione della società civile al dialogo politico e civile, la transizione democratica, l'occupazione giovanile, lo sviluppo sostenibile, la mobilità e l'immigrazione, il commercio, le energie rinnovabili e lo sviluppo delle imprese.

Il CESE lavora su tali questioni sin dal 1995. A seguito dei cambiamenti nella regione nel 2010, il Comitato ha adeguato di conseguenza i suoi obiettivi, puntando a:

  • sostenere le organizzazioni della società civile nei paesi in transizione. Tale sostegno è destinato, in particolare, ai sindacati e alle organizzazioni dei datori di lavoro nonché alle associazioni delle donne, dei giovani e degli agricoltori;
  • mantenere relazioni bilaterali con i consigli economici e sociali nazionali nella regione e lavorare per creare le condizioni per l'inclusione della società civile nel dialogo politico dei paesi partner meridionali;
  • formulare pareri e relazioni congiunte sulle sfide strategiche chiave che la regione si trova ad affrontare;
  • tenere riunioni periodiche con le istituzioni europee e le organizzazioni internazionali per discutere le politiche riguardanti la società civile nella regione;
  • organizzare un vertice annuale per i consigli economici e sociali e istituzioni analoghe, in occasione dei quali vengano presentate ai responsabili delle politiche dei governi nazionali e dell'UE raccomandazioni sulle politiche chiave riguardanti le sfide principali della regione.
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Adottati on 07/10/2015

This report is the result of the commitment of the EESC Euromed Follow-Up Committee to women issues in the region.

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is fully aware of the varying circumstances in different countries in the Mediterranean region. It is particularly aware of the conflict and instability affecting many southern Mediterranean countries. The EESC calls on the European Commission (EC) and governments of the countries of the Euro-Mediterranean region to develop shared solutions to these challenges – including poverty, economic challenges, conflict and terrorism – which are resulting in unacceptable suffering, especially among women.

The central role that women play in the process of democratisation during transitional periods, when drafting national constitutions and when reforming current laws must be safeguarded and sustained through good governance in order to prevent setbacks in gender equality.


Report on the situation of women in the Euro-Mediterranean region

Adottati on 23/06/2015
Sessione plenaria: 
509 -
Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

The Neighbourhood policy is high on the agenda of the EESC's external relations priorities. This opinion will provide the contribution of the Committee to this consultation process as a first step, to be followed by a reaction to the Commission document that will be issued in the 2nd semester of 2015.


Parere del CESE: Towards a new European neighbourhood policy

Adottati on 13/02/2015

The Information report will explore the model and its success factors, and will provide recommendations for promoting its use in EU financial instruments supporting democracy and Human Rights, as well as for the EESC's structural relations with organised civil society in other countries in the region.

The role of the EIDHR in democratic transition – Tunisia, a case study

Adottati on 09/10/2014

The information report will seek to take a holistic approach to situation of young people in the north and south of the region, looking not just at the employment market but at wider trends amongst young people also outside of work, their self-perception, their political and social outlook on the future, their living arrangements, their view of their parents' generation and other older generations, as well as their view of the region and its role in a globalised world.

The Economic and Social Situation of young people in the Euromed region

Adottati on 11/09/2014

The aim of the opinion is to call on the representatives of the European Community institutions and national government to take account of the key role of the social partners and organised civil society in providing European immigration policies with a social dimension and added value.


European immigration policies

Adottati on 09/07/2014
Sessione plenaria: 
500 -
Jul 09, 2014 Jul 10, 2014

The exploratory opinion is being drawn up at the request of the Greek Presidency of the European Union. Immigration-related issues remain a key challenge for the European Union and its Member States with a comprehensive and common strategy at EU level remaining elusive, in spite of the continued pressures that are being felt on the EU's borders.

European Immigration policy and relationship with third countries

Adottati on 17/10/2013
Sessione plenaria: 
493 -
Oct 16, 2013 Oct 17, 2013

The opinion will set out civil society's perspective on the dual challenge which EU Member States face in dealing with recent waves of immigrants and at the same time fulfilling - or in some cases failing to fulfil - their duty in guaranteeing immigrants' human rights, be it in detention or whilst on high seas. This issue is particularly topical since the European Commission and European Court of Justice are coming increasingly under pressure to act against Member States that fail to meet EU rules.

Irregular immigration by sea in the Euro-Mediterranean region

Adottati on 21/09/2011
Sessione plenaria: 
474 -
Sep 21, 2011 Sep 22, 2011

This opinion is the EESC's key response to the events in the Euromed region. It provides a thorough analysis of the EU's past failings and the lessons which need to be drawn from them, the most urgent needs facing civil society in the current transition phase, and the longer term perspectives for civil society in the region. The opinion also responds to the two joint communications issued by the European Commission and EEAS on the EU's new Euromed policy, calling for close cooperation between the EU institutions in the region

Civil society in the Euromed region