Confederation of European Security Services (CoESS) and UNI Europa

Summary of the initiative

Confederation of European Security Services (CoESS) and UNI Europa
To establish a generic basic training framework, which can be tailored to the national level and which, in line with national legislation, can be regarded as a minimum standard.

Description of the Initiative



    Contact Point - Commission

    Self/Co-Regulation Basic Act

    Title of Act
    CoESS and UNI Europa, European Vocational Training Manual for Basic Guarding, 1999.

    Geographical Coverage

    Global coverage
    Participating Countries
    Other countries
    Bosnia & Herzegovina, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia


    Problems that lead to the introduction of Self/Co-Regulation and the adoption of the Founding Act
    In Europe, no generic basic training manual existed setting a framework for private security guards when entering the private security profession.
    Target Group(s)
    New entrants into the private security profession.
    Type of Instrument(s)
    Training manual.
    Type of Financing
    European Commission funding for the manual.
    Type of Monitoring
    Conduct an initial survey of compliance capacity of future regulateesConduct regular visits and spot checksInitiate complaints proceduresMaintain database of those bounded by the normsProduce regular reportsReceive complaints and verify if norms were breached or notReflexive dialogue with the - stakeholdersOther
    European Commission
    National public authority
    International public authority
    Private regulator (code owner)
    Private independent party with a mandate (e.g. auditors)
    Self-appointed private parties (e.g. NGOs)
    Succinct description of the type of Monitoring
    No specific scheme, but general commitment by the signatory partners. Monitoring is essentially left to the businesses themselves, nevertheless, the representative organisations (CoESS and UNI Europa) have committed themselves to monitor and evaluate the work.
    Type of Enforcement
    Faming, shaming and blamingJudicial sanctionsMembership suspension/exclusionPrivate finesOther
    Private Regulator
    Private independent party with a mandate (e.g. auditors)
    Court system
    Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) / Online dispute resolution (ODR)

    Results of Commission Monitoring

    Monitoring periodicity / next evaluation


    SMO self- and co-regulation database - private code 138