The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The Committee supports the adoption of a fair asylum system, i.e. an asylum system with a human face that takes account of asylum seekers' need for protection as a genuine objective to be included among the objectives for building a Europe that is also social.
It calls for conditions to be created that promote the respect of international conventions, European directives in line with international law and humanitarian law and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of the Council of Europe; a better distribution of the responsibilities incumbent on Member States; the speedy resettlement and integration of people granted protection as refugees or subsidiary protection; a sincere cooperation and co-development policy that improves effective democracy in certain third countries and that contributes to international solidarity in response to asylum needs.
The EESC recommends:
That those in need of international protection are always able to enter the territory of the European Union, irrespective of the level of strengthened controls.
That all asylum seekers are entitled to an effective and case-by-case examination of their applications.
That all appeals should always have the effect of suspending the execution of a repatriation order.
The Committee advises against the use of safe third country lists.
The EESC approves the creation of a European support office for Member States.