Pacto Verde Europeo

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El 11 de diciembre de 2019, la Comisión Europea puso en marcha el Pacto Verde Europeo, que refuerza el compromiso de la UE de hacer frente a los retos relacionados con el clima y el medio ambiente, que es la misión que define a esta generación. El objetivo del Pacto Verde Europeo es transformar la UE en una economía moderna, eficiente en el uso de los recursos y competitiva que garantice que:

  • hayan dejado de producirse emisiones netas de gases de efecto invernadero en 2050;
  • el crecimiento económico no dependa del uso de recursos;
  • ningún territorio ni persona se queden atrás.

Para cumplir el Pacto Verde Europeo, la UE está aplicando un amplio paquete de iniciativas que incluye propuestas políticas y legislativas y el desarrollo y la modernización de los instrumentos de financiación.

El CESE viene reclamando un «Pacto Verde y Social», subrayando el estrecho vínculo entre el Pacto Verde y la justicia social. Es esencial escuchar a todas las partes interesadas para fomentar las empresas sostenibles y competitivas del mañana en un entorno saludable.

El Pacto Verde Europeo hizo especial hincapié en la inversión y la financiación de la transición ecológica y sostenible. El Pacto Verde es la principal vía de recuperación de Europa tras la pandemia de COVID-19. El Pacto Verde Europeo se financia mediante un tercio de las inversiones por valor de 1,8 billones EUR del plan de recuperación NextGenerationEU y el presupuesto para siete años de la UE. Este impulso de las oportunidades de financiación tiene por objeto convertir la crisis en una oportunidad transformadora para el futuro de Europa.

El CESE desempeña un papel crucial en el seguimiento de la aplicación de las iniciativas y medidas del Pacto Verde Europeo. El CESE elabora dictámenes y organiza actividades (véase el menú lateral izquierdo de esta página) para garantizar que las instituciones de la UE tengan en cuenta los puntos de vista de la sociedad civil organizada y las iniciativas del Pacto Verde sean coherentes con las circunstancias económicas, sociales y cívicas sobre el terreno.

Debido a su carácter transversal y global, el Pacto Verde Europeo está cubierto por todas las secciones del CESE y la CCMI.

  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 09/06/2020
    Reference
    SOC/655-EESC-2020
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Poland
    Workers - GR II
    Portugal
    EESC opinion: ESF+/Amended proposal
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 02/04/2020
    Reference
    NAT/794-EESC-2020-01-01
    Workers - GR II
    Germany
    Employers - GR I
    Hungary
    EESC opinion: Digitalisation and Sustainability – status quo and need for action in civil society perspective (Exploratory opinion at the request of the German presidency)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 02/04/2020
    Reference
    REX/532-EESC-2020-01-01
    Workers - GR II
    Germany

    Key points

    Global supply chains (GSC) are key and complex in economic activities across the world and in global trade. Economic growth, job creation and entrepreneurship are also contested by evidence of negative implications for working conditions as well as for sustainability in some supply chains.

    The COVID-19 crisis has unveiled the serious downfalls related to highly fragmented and undiversified supply chains. It exposed the vulnerability of workers' health and safety, and it highlighted violations of human rights. Trade will have to play a key role in promoting a sustainable economic recovery. However, stronger instruments need to deliver on a socially and environmentally responsible business, trade and investment agenda.

    GSC need to become more resilient, diversified and responsible, and ambitious actions need to ensure they contribute to a fairer economic and social model, based on sustainability and decent work.

    EESC opinion: Sustainable supply chains and decent work in international trade (Exploratory opinion at the request of the German presidency)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    CCMI/176-EESC-2020-01-01
    (Poland
    (Belgium

    Securing sustainable access to raw materials, including metals, industrial minerals and construction raw materials, and particularly Critical Raw Materials (CRM), is of high importance for the EU economy. However, the EU is confronted with a number of technological and environmental challenges along the entire production value chain of primary and secondary raw materials.

    EESC opinion: Digital Mining in Europe: New solutions for the sustainable production of raw materials (own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    REX/531-EESC-2020-01-01
    (France
    EESC opinion: Carbon markets: Emergence, structuring and challenges for European industry (own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    NAT/791-EESC-2020-01-01-EESC-2020-01349
    (Ireland

    This opinion deals with three of four megatrends at the heart of the new Commission priorities: climate change, biodiversity loss and globalisation. While the European Green Deal will result in higher environmental standards with, for instance, stricter climate change targets, it is important that all Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) are not undermining these improvements by contributing to deforestation or biodiversity loss in other countries. As one of the world's largest importer of energy, agricultural goods and raw materials, the EU has contributed to deforestation and biodiversity loss in other countries.

    EESC opinion: Compatibility of EU trade policy with the European Green Deal (own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    NAT/789-EESC-2020-01-01
    Workers - GR II
    Germany
    EESC opinion: Towards an EU strategy on sustainable consumption (own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    NAT/788-EESC-2020-01-01
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Ireland

    This opinion will look into the possibilities to engage with young people in a formal way at institutional level and provide the building blocks for a new structured approach to youth engagement at EU level.

    EESC opinion: Towards structured youth engagement on climate and sustainability in the EU decision-making process (own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 18/02/2020
    Reference
    NAT/787-EESC-2020-994
    Workers - GR II
    Germany
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Czech Republic
    EESC opinion: "From farm to fork": a sustainable food strategy
  • Adopted on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    Reference
    TEN/706-EESC-2020-01-01
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Germany
    Workers - GR II
    Austria
    EESC opinion: Between a trans-European super grid and local energy islands – the right mix of decentralised solutions and centralised structures for an economically, socially and ecologically sustainable energy transition