Despite the explicit intentions of the public authorities, it appears that the structural measures to reform the labour market have had no real impact in terms of changing the situation of the labour market, in which unemployment is still extremely widespread. The new government appears to want to continue with the same anti-crisis policies, despite the fact that the Spanish economy has shown no signs of recovery for at least two years, as pointed out by economic commentators and financial intermediaries.
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For the European institutions, the "Great Recession" officially began in March 2008, when the
word "crisis" first appeared in the Conclusions of the European Council (European Council, March
2008). In the four years since then, the European response to that crisis has not always been the
same; an analysis of European Union documents reveals at least three distinct stages.
The present study aims to provide a succinct but comprehensive account that will allow a better
understanding of the economic and social impact of the measures implemented in Greece. To this
end, the study takes stock of the hitherto implementation of the programme to elucidate its multiple
impact on fundamental social and employment issues.
The challenge now facing Europe is to develop an industrial policy combining technological and organisational innovation, capable of supporting a new model of growth based upon production using little energy and few resources and satisfying new societal needs.
This study addresses questions concerning the state of the Civil Society and how Civil Society Organisations have been affected by the Financial Crisis. Through analysis of data gathered from various reports and other documentation, in-depth interviews with a number of individual representatives from different organisations and thought-leaders in the field, and results of a questionnaire survey, this study reveals a diversity of responses from the broad field of civil society in Europe.
Undoubtedly, the social economy is a sector which makes a significant contribution to employment creation, sustainable growth and to a fairer income and wealth distribution. It is a sector which is able to combine profi tability with social inclusion and democratic systems of governance, working alongside the public and private sectors in matching services to needs. Crucially, it is a sector which has weathered the economic crisis much better that others and is increasingly gaining recognition at the European level.
Studies carried out in 2011 Compendium
Report drawn up for the European Economic and Social Committee by the International Centre of Research and Information on the Public, Social and Cooperative Economy (CIRIEC).
This publication builds on the EESC opinion adopted in July 2010 on developing the Partnership principle in EU Cohesion policy and describes examples of best practice in several Member States. The aim is to provide interested stakeholders with practical information on how to improve the performance of partnership in the light of recorded examples of best practice. The EESC has an essential role to play in encouraging greater involvement and participation of organised civil
society in European policies; it has therefore always argued the need to develop genuine partnership.