The 22nd Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP22), took place in Marrakech from 7 to 18 November 2016. On 8 December 2016, the EESC's Sustainable Development Observatory will organise a COP22 debriefing to discuss if the so called "COP of action" fulfilled its promises.
Κλιματική αλλαγή - Related Events
In 2016 the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), the French Committee for Sustainable Development (Committee 21 France - C21F) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) decided to work together to create a new international coalition on climate dedicated to multilevel and multi-stakeholder governance.
The COP22 side event co-organised by the EESC and the Climate Chance Association will serve to support the pledge made by the non-state actors to take their share of responsibility and continue building coalitions gathering all stakeholders involved in key areas in the spirit of a multi-stakeholder and multi-level governance based on transparency, inclusiveness and shared thinking.
This one-day conference will be a first step towards concretising the coalition of politics, administration and civil society called for by the EESC NAT/684 Opinion. It will also deliver a strong message on multi-stakeholder collaboration as enabler of accelerated implementation and the generalisation of concrete actions (scaling, replicating, extending) as well as a pathway for the practical implementation of many key components of the Paris Agreement to be debated during COP22, such as financing, capacity building and adaptation, among others.
This forum will be an opportunity to carry out a reflection on the modalities of multi-stakeholder governance and further facilitate dialogue and multi-stakeholder partnerships as means of accelerated, more efficient and inclusive implementation of the Paris Agreement. Moreover, it will aim to define obstacles and problems encountered by multi-stakeholder partnerships and propose conditions for success that could be applied across other coalitions of actors. It will also start a reflection on the elements of a comprehensive framework that aligns non-state and governmental actions over the long term, helping to meet the objectives of low-carbon and climate-resilient development.
On 20 July 2016, the European Commission released two proposals for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the non-ETS sectors (transport, buildings, agriculture and waste), the so-called “Effort Sharing Regulation” for the 2030 climate and energy framework, as well as a separate Regulation for the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector. These proposals aim to contribute to the goal of the overall reduction of EU's emissions in 2030 by at least 40%. The EESC is currently drafting its Opinion on the two proposals, foreseen to be adopted in December 2016. The public hearing will provide a platform for various stakeholders to express their views on the Commission proposals and exchange views with the EESC Members from the Study Group preparing the Opinion.
The outcome of COP21 clearly recognised the efforts of all non-party stakeholders, including civil society to address and respond to climate change. The EESC has advocated for civil society and citizens at global, national and subnational levels to be fully involved in the development, review and, above all, implementation of the COP21 Agreement. This opinion will be an opportunity to address the issue of climate governance in the context of implementation of the Paris Agreement and to identify the mechanisms and measures for civil society to be involved.
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is currently preparing an own initiative opinion on "The impact of the conclusions of COP21 on European transport policy". A hearing was organized in order to gather relevant views on this issue and shape concrete proposals to inform the EESC's forthcoming opinion.