Erweiterungsländer

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Der EWSA ist aktiv am Erweiterungsprozess der EU beteiligt und hat einen zweifachen – regionalen und bilateralen – Ansatz für seine Beziehungen zu den Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft in den Erweiterungsländern entwickelt.

Der Begleitausschuss Westbalkan – ein ständiges Arbeitsorgan des EWSA – ist das wichtigste Instrument des regionalen Ansatzes zur Koordinierung der Aktivitäten des EWSA in dieser Region. Im Rahmen seiner Tätigkeit veranstaltet der Begleitausschuss alle zwei Jahre ein Forum der Zivilgesellschaft des Westbalkans.

Der EWSA arbeitet auch auf bilateraler Basis mit den Ländern des Westbalkans und der Türkei zusammen. Auf der Grundlage der Assoziierungsabkommen zwischen der EU und der Türkei, Montenegro und Serbien hat der EWSA mit diesen drei Ländern gemeinsame Gremien mit Vertretern der Zivilgesellschaft eingerichtet, um die Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft in die Heranführungs- und Beitrittsprozesse einzubeziehen. Jedes dieser Gremien setzt sich zu gleichen Teilen aus Mitgliedern des EWSA und des Partnerlandes zusammen und hält zweimal jährlich eine Sitzung ab.

Der EWSA steht in ständigem Kontakt mit den Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft in den Erweiterungsländern, mit denen noch kein gemeinsames Gremium aus Vertretern der Zivilgesellschaft eingerichtet worden ist, und organisiert gemeinsame Aktivitäten mit ihnen.

Ergänzend zur Tätigkeit der gemeinsamen Gremien erarbeitet der EWSA Stellungnahmen zum Heranführungs- und Beitrittsprozess einzelner Länder sowie zu Themen von regionalem Interesse.

  • Reference number
    9/2024

    Today, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) officially launched its initiative to welcome civil society representatives from EU candidate countries. A total of 131 'Enlargement Candidate Members' (ECM) were selected to make up  the pool of civil society experts who will be participating in the Committee's work, thus making the EESC the first institution to open its doors to EU candidate countries. The initiative, a political priority of EESC President Oliver Röpke, sets new standards for involving candidate countries in EU activities, facilitating their progressive and tangible integration into the EU.

  • Reference number
    51/2023

    In the run-up to the EU-Western Balkans Summit, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) met with Montenegrin civil society on 7 December 2023 to take stock of the country's accession progress, and in particular its public administration reform. The participants raised concerns about the weakening capacity of the country's public administration to respond to the growing demands of the EU agenda. However, with the new government, there is a window of opportunity for the necessary reforms to move forward in the accession negotiations.

  • Reference number
    40

    The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) held the 9th edition of the Western Balkans Civil Society Forum on 19-20 October 2023, just a few weeks ahead of the European Commission's Enlargement Package and the New Growth Plan. The Forum signalled a renewed momentum for the region to join the EU, in view of the current geopolitical situation and a clear commitment of EU leaders to the enlargement policy. Representatives of Civil Society Organisations stressed the need for greater support and safeguarding of civic space to facilitate the essential socio-economic reforms required for EU integration.

  • Reference number
    30/2023

    The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) welcomed representatives from civil society organisations from candidate countries at its July plenary session, announcing the initiative to appoint Honorary Enlargement Members and invite them to participate in the daily advisory work of the Committee

  • The  EU-Serbia Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) held its 14th meeting on 29 November 2022 in Belgrade, to discuss the state of play in the accession process and reform policies in the country. The participants from Serbia and the EU Institutions, as well as from civil society organisations pointed out concerns and challenges that still need further improvement. The joint declaration of the EU-Serbia JCC was adopted unanimously.

  • Panel I - In the shadow of war: Europe's new geopolitical context and the consequences for the future of the EU, Zagreb

  • Reference number
    44/2022

    The high-level civil society conference on youth policy in the Western Balkans, hosted by the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), highlighted the key role of young people for the future of the region and called for their active involvement in policy-making. 

  • Cohesion policy is key to overcoming the COVID-19 crisis, to achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and to reducing disparities in Europe. Its most serious challenge for the foreseeable future, however, is the war in Ukraine, the EESC cautions in a recent opinion. Rapid action is needed to help refugees and ensure the country's European integration.

  • Reference number
    26/2022

    On 24 May in Sarajevo, the EESC's Western Balkans Follow-up Committee held its yearly external meeting - for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic - to meet with civil society organisations (CSOs) in Bosnia and Herzegovina and discuss their role and concerns regarding the current situation. The conclusions will be conveyed to the country's political authorities and to the EU institutions.

     

  • Reference number
    22/2022

    The May plenary session of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) hosted a debate led by its President Christa Schweng and the President of the European Council Charles Michel on Europe's response to this turning point in history.