The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
To make the decarbonisation of the EU's energy and transport a success, those sectors need workers equipped with "new" skills, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) warns, as it calls on policy-makers to act without delay.
The EU must have a structured and efficient plan to develop the critical skills that are needed, if the energy and transport transitions are to happen. Clean energy and transport urgently need new skills, knowledge and capacities, and the EU's pathway towards net zero emissions by 2050 can only be successful if it goes hand in hand with a workforce equipped with the right skillset.
That was the main takeaway from the conference on #ReskillEU – new jobs for energy and transport in Europe, co-hosted by the EESC's Section for Transport, Energy, Infrastructure and the Information Society (TEN) and the European Commission's DG Research and Innovation in Brussels on 8 November 2023.
Referring to the importance of new skills and knowledge for a smooth green and digital transition in the transport and energy sector, the EESC president Oliver Röpke stressed: A focus on the green and digital transition must not overlook the human element in achieving these goals. Only together can we achieve these ambitious goals and we need to make sure that all members of society are part of this transition.
What are the new skills needed, and for what new jobs in energy and transport in Europe?
To ensure that workers are equipped with the required "new" skills, the EU must act now, in line with the objectives set in the European Skills Agenda for 2025 and against the background of the European Year of Skills 2023.
The EU renewables sector currently needs over 1.2 million skilled workers and – according to the International Renewable Energy Agency – these figures are expected to increase annually until 2050.
The same goes for transport, which employs over 15 million people in the EU. Transport is a sector that is undergoing rapid transformation, and being shaped by a great deal by automation, electrification and greening technologies.
When we look at the energy and transport sectors in Europe, the magnitude of the skills challenge becomes strikingly clear, pointed out Baiba Miltoviča, the TEN section president. We must ensure that the development of knowledge and skills, especially in the realm of green skills and training, is at the forefront of our efforts. This entails a commitment to continuous learning, retraining, and upskilling to meet the evolving demands of the clean energy and transport sectors.
The way forward: focus on research and innovation
The new skills can be developed through research and innovation activities. The Commission's Horizon Europe is the EU's flagship funding programme for research and innovation up to 2027. It supports skills development to facilitate the EU's green and digital transitions.
Speaking on behalf of the Association of European Renewable Energy Research Centres (EUREC), Nathalie Richet emphasised that multi-disciplinarity, inter-disciplinarity, mobility and multicultural approaches were vital, and that higher education programmes must expose their students to the latest tools, practices and know-how to be ready for the employment market.
According to Luigi Crema, representing Hydrogen Europe Research, the hydrogen sector is going through an accelerated scaling-up, encouraged by private and public factors and EU policies, and is expected to generate several hundred thousand jobs in Europe by 2030. However, to achieve this objective, it is crucial to develop modular and standardised training as well as to improve access to professional development.
Alco Weeke, from the educational and research institution STC Group, Maritime & Logistics University of applied sciences, highlighted that industry, workforce and education constituted a triangle that needed a level playing field to be able to fully cooperate to close the future skills gap. In this respect, vocational education and higher education had to go hand in hand to make the new workforce match the new needs.
Detailed conclusions from the conference will be published shortly on the EESC website.