The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The current EU framework does not suffice for a transition to more sustainable food systems. A comprehensive food policy is urgently needed in order to improve coherence across food-related policy areas, restore the value of food and ensure the effective implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) said at its plenary session on Wednesday.
At the plenary, which was attended by Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, Vytenis Andriukaitis, the EESC adopted an own-initiative opinion calling for a comprehensive European food policy, with the aim of providing healthy diets from sustainable food systems and linking agriculture to nutrition and ecosystem services while ensuring supply chains which safeguard public health for all people in Europe.
"The challenges ahead force us to reinvent European food policy and make it more comprehensive, respecting the whole supply chain", said Peter Schmidt, rapporteur of the opinion."We need to bring more fairness into the market and we need to make people understand the value of food."
Commissioner Andriukaitis welcomed the very timely EESC opinion and underlined the importance of civil society's support in food policy, especially when it comes to tackling food waste and health issues.
The EESC said that this should be achieved by taking major steps at EU level, such as:
Maintaining and promoting a culture that values the nutritional and cultural importance of food, establishing closer links between producers and consumers and ensuring fair prices for producers so that farming remains viable;
Creating an enabling environment for civil society's initiatives that are flourishing at local and regional level (e.g. alternative food systems, short food supply chain, etc.);
Developing an Action Plan on Food Sustainability with the aim of implementing the food-related SDGs accompanied by an EU sustainable food scoreboard, which would provide indicators for monitoring progress towards meeting the targets set;
Exploring the creation of a dedicated Directorate General for Food which would be responsible for food-related policies and the source of regulation, legislation and enforcement.
A comprehensive modern food policy must be complementary to, but not replace, a reshaped CAP. It should also meet multiple criteria, such as food quality, health, environment, sound economics and good governance. "Europe needs to set the standards", outlined Mr Schmidt.
Last but not least, consumers need to be taught to become "food (responsible) citizens", who are aware of the worth of sustainably produced and healthy food. This should be supported by a smart system of sustainable food labelling. "While it is important to focus on nutritional and health aspects, we also need to inform consumers about the environmental and social impact of food", said Mr Schmidt.