Finland for people of all agesGovernment report on the future: demographic trends, population policy, and preparation for changes in the age structure
This publication contains i) Finnish Government's report on the future, ii) a summary of the background work published in annexed reports, iii) abstracts of commissioned studies and iv) a description of the practice of issuing reports on the future in Finland.Changes in the age structure concern all age groups. "Ageing" will not only result in increased expenses but also, and more importantly, in a significant decrease in the number of working-age persons. The demographic changes will generate economic challenges, but they will also provide new opportunities. Safeguarding the well-being of people requires that the policies are both economically and socially sustainable for all generations. The report lays out a common perspective for all administrative sectors on preparing for the changes in the age structure. It aims at increasing the coherence of the Government's ageing policies by placing particular emphasis on seven policy areas. 1.Current demographic developments require modern population policy. The report discusses both ways to safeguard birth rate and to increase immigration. 2.The expected increase in the demand for services by elderly persons requires that greater emphasis be placed on promoting persons' functional capacity and health in different age groups. 3. Investments in children's and young persons' growth conditions and skills are needed. 4. Measures to increase both employment rate and productivity growth are also needed. 5. As it is impossible to precisely forecast demographic and economic developments, the report also stresses the need to reform social security. 6. From the viewpoint of regional demographic developments and safeguarding welfare services, it is essential to ensure the viability of municipal-level finances and to support cross-municipal cooperation and structural changes in service provision. 7.With its Report on the Future, the Government also wants to attract and encourage interest in measures to grasp the opportunities generated by changes in the age structure. As in the future, one person out of four will be aged 65 or more, it is prerequisite to support and utilise the resources and active participation of the ageing population.