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REPORT 02/2004 drawn up on the Council?s initiative, on immigration and the labour market in Spain

Immigration, Labour, Social Policies
The Council judges the current channels by which foreign workers access the labour market to be appropriate, but proposes specific measures to simplify and make more flexible the relevant procedures and to reinforce instruments for joining up supply and demand. The Council recommends a simplification and homogenisation of the procedure for certifying the non-existence of workers available on the Spanish labour market to take up the corresponding job offer, so that if such an offer is not taken up within a certain period the requirement may be deemed to have been met and a foreign worker may be recruited. As to the qualifications of migrant workers, the Council suggests that training programmes for employment be organised in the country of origin through bilateral agreements or in collaboration with the sectors of the economy with most demand for mi-grant labour, as one measure to be adopted in the context of immigration policy. After analysing the extraordinary cyclical regularisation process the report proposes other measures, such as more regularisation based on the roots set down by immigrants in Spain, and other measures that would make the aforesaid extraordinary cyclical processes unnecessary. As well as strengthening border controls and promoting recruitment in the country of origin, an effective policy to combat illegal immigration should be ac-companied by a reinforcement of mechanisms to control offences linked to the irregular recruitment of aliens. The phenomenon of immigration re-quires policies of an integral nature, based on the widest possible agree-ment so as to ensure that they are solid, continuous and effective, and therefore it is indispensable to achieve the widest possible consensus be-tween all the political and social players.