LRTT - Tripartite Council of the republic of Lithuania
- Gailiūnas Sigitas
- Juozaitienė Laima
The Tripartite Council of the Republic of Lithuania (TC) was set up on 5 May 1995 following an agreement on tripartite partnership between the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, trade unions and employers’ organisations for the purpose of solving social, economic and labour problems and promoting social harmony. The TC approved the rules and regulations on its own activity on the same occasion. From January 2003, the social dialogue and partnership in Lithuania has been regulated by the Labour Code.
The TC is a body, which advises the parliament and the government on socio-economic and labour matters.
The TC's tasks are:
– to issue recommendations on draft state laws and government decrees concerning socio-economic and labour matters;
– to draw up, at the request of the government or its members or on its own initiative, studies and reports on economic and social matters falling within the remit of the social partners in the following areas: labour relations, remuneration, the economy, employment and social security, education, health etc;
– to draw up and implement the common annual and biennial programmes for collaboration between the partners, which address concrete and practical matters (such as education and training for the partners, preparation of analyses, research, consultations, methodological assistance and organisation of negotiations.)
The TC is composed of representatives of trade unions, employers’ organisations and the government. . It has a maximum membership of 15(i.e. not more than five representatives from each party). The members of the Tripartite Council are as follows:
– employees’ representatives– delegated by the national trade union associations of Lithuania, by their agreement;
– employers’ representatives – delegated by the national employers’ organisations of Lithuania, by their agreement;
– representatives of the executive – delegated by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, upon its decision.
The term of office of the Council's members is determined by the institutions which delegate their representatives.
The chairperson of the Tripartite Council is elected for a four-month term on the agreement of all the parties and presides over the activity of the Council according to a rotation principle.
The constituent bodies of the TC are the plenary meeting and the permanent and temporary commissions.
The Secretariat of the Tripartite Council is classed as a budgetary institution within the Ministry of Social Security and Labour. The Secretariat is financed from the state budget.
The permanent and temporary commissions comprise representatives from each partner -government, trade unions and employers’ organisations - under the direction of the Tripartite Council Secretariat. The permanent TC commissions are:
– the commission for labour relations;
– the commission for incomes;
– the commission for employment and social security;
– the commission for the implementation of ILO standards on labour relations.
The Tripartite Council establishes temporary commissions to solve individual problems or to prepare drafts as the situation requires.
The Tripartite Council may, on its own initiative, consider draft legislation and other legal norms in the social, economic and labour market spheres and submit observations, proposals and recommendations to the Government and Seimas (Parliament). These recommendations are not binding.
The recommendations and decisions are issued by the plenary meeting.
The Council adopts decisions on a consensual basis. All undisputed proposals from Council members are recorded in the part of the minutes concerning the decision. In the event of failure to reach an agreement, differing opinions are reflected in the minutes of the session. The Council may agree to hold additional discussions on an issue, if no agreement is reached.
The decisions of the Tripartite Council are signed by the chairperson and secretary.
Responsibility for preparing and organising the Council’s activity falls to the Secretariat of the Tripartite Council.