In the last half-century, Europe has undergone very significant economic integration. Borders have opened and, in many respects, a European single market is already a reality. The free movement of people, however, is lagging behind, thus demonstrating the need for more in-depth debate on the European Union’s social dimension. Can the EU help strengthen social values in a situation where many European countries face high unemployment, austerity measures and social exclusion in the wake of the financial crisis? Should the European Union be given a stronger social profile that has a more tangible impact on European citizens’ daily lives and thus on their attitude to the European venture? These are some of the questions we want to look at during this seminar, with the focus on the Swedish view on the issues raised.