Opinions from the REX section - page 1

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  • 12 Jan 2017
    REX/483 - Modernisation of trade defence instruments Ongoing References: REX/483 Referral Rapporteur: Christian Bäumler (Workers - GR II / Germany) Co-rapporteur: Andrés Barceló Delgado (Employers - GR I / Germany)

    The proposal covers targeted amendments to Regulation (EU) 2016/1036 on protection against dumped imports from countries that are not members of the European Union (the Basic Anti-Dumping Regulation) and to Regulation (EU) 2016/1037 on protection against subsidised imports from countries that are not members of the European Union (the Basic Anti-Subsidy Regulation). The regulation aims to change the way for determination of normal value in the presence of market distortions: the Regulation stipulates the basis on which normal value should be determined in the case of imports from non-market economy countries.

     

    For WTO members, the normal value is normally determined on the basis of the domestic prices of the like product or on the basis of a constructed normal value. There are circumstances, however, in which the domestic prices and costs would not provide a reasonable basis to determine the normal value. This could be the case, for instance, when prices or costs are not the result of free market forces because they are affected by government intervention.

     

    In such circumstances, the Commission considers that it would be inappropriate to use domestic prices and costs to determine the value at which the like product should be normally sold. Accordingly, a new provision stipulates that the normal value would instead be constructed on the basis of costs of production and sale reflecting undistorted prices or benchmarks. For this purpose, the sources that may be used would include undistorted international prices, costs, or benchmarks, or corresponding costs of production and sale in an appropriate representative country with a similar level of economic development as the exporting country.

     

    This methodology would allow the Commission to establish and measure the actual magnitude of dumping being practised in normal market conditions absent distortions.

     

    For the sake of transparency and efficiency, the Commission services intend to issue public reports describing the specific situation concerning the market circumstances in any given country or sector. Such reports and the evidence on which it is based would also be placed on the file of any investigation relating to that country or sector so that all interested parties would be in a position to express their views and comments.

     

    The  proposal introduces specific disciplines ensuring that the entry into force of the new system would not create legal uncertainty for ongoing cases or unduly affect existing measures. Thus, the proposal makes clear that the new system would only apply to cases initiated upon entry into force of the amended provisions. Any given ongoing anti-dumping investigation at the time of entry into force would remain governed by the current disciplines.

     

    The proposal also makes amendment to the Basic Anti-Subsidy Regulation as the experience shows that the actual magnitude of subsidisation is not always evident at the time of initiation. Yet, those subsidies clearly provide an unfair benefit the exporters concerned, which allow them to sell at injurious prices to the EU market.

     

    For reasons of due process and transparency, the proposal clarifies that, when such subsidies are found in the course of any given investigation or review, the Commission will offer additional consultations to the country of origin and/or export concerned with regard to such subsidies identified in the course of the investigation. In these situations, the Commission will send to the country of origin and/or export a summary of the main elements concerning these other subsidies to ensure meaningful consultations.

     

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    International Trade
  • 6 Dec 2016
    Enhancement of the EU-Turkey bilateral trade relations and the modernisation of the Customs Union Adopted References: REX/468 EESC-2016-3440 Referral Rapporteur: Dimitris Dimitriadis (Employers - GR I / Greece) Plenary Session: 521 - 14 Dec 2016 - 15 Dec 2016

    The EESC still considers that Turkey remains a very important partner and that the political will exists to increase levels of cooperation, but only provided that compliance with the fundamental European values and the principles of democracy, the rule of law and human rights is ensured.

    The EESC believes that ongoing developments have rendered the current Customs Union (CU) agreement obsolete and that the parties to the agreement will have to start serious negotiations on strengthening their economic ties by establishing a new type of trade agreement that reflects current needs. The recent adjustments and best practices implemented in various trade agreements have transformed models for sustainability, transparency and the involvement of the social partners and civil society in international trade agreements.

    The EESC proposes that the following areas be included in the regulatory framework of the new agreement: agriculture (with all the requirements set out in the opinion), services, public procurement, unprocessed products and raw materials, consumer protection, environmental protection and sustainable development, equivalence of regulatory regimes for veterinary, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and of food safety policy, effective protection of labour rights and decent jobs, protection of health and safety in the workplace, facilitation of e-commerce and introduction of a digital agenda that establishes free movement of digital data, energy policy and energy security, promotion of innovation and protection of intellectual property, combating corruption and money laundering, improved incentives for SMEs, simplified administrative procedures and reduced administrative costs, investment and updating of investment legislation with the aim of protecting investors, and concurrent introduction of an impartial dispute settlement procedure, improvement of the procedure for transposing and incorporating European legislation into the Turkish legal system, more robust provisions to ensure that the content of the revised agreement and the implementing provisions complies with the EU acquis.

    The EESC believes that any type of trade agreement between the EU and Turkey will have to include effective consultation and inclusion of the social partners (employers and employees) and of civil society organisations at both the negotiating and implementation stages.

    Related Documents

    EESC opinion: Enhancement of the EU-Turkey bilateral trade relations and the modernisation of the Customs Union

    Related Events

    Plenary Session 14-15 December 2016
  • 22 Nov 2016
    The external dimension of social economy Ongoing References: REX/472 Own-initiative Rapporteur: Miguel Ángel Cabra de Luna (Various interests - GR III / Spain)

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    International Trade, Social Policy
  • 9 Nov 2016
    REX/477 - Establishing the EFSD Guarantee and the EFSD Guarantee Fund Ongoing References: REX/477 Referral - Rapporteur: Jan Simons (Employers - GR I / Netherlands)

    Related Sections

    REX Section
  • 8 Nov 2016
    EESC Opinion - Establishing a new Partnership Framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration Ongoing References: REX/478 Referral - Rapporteur: Cristian Pîrvulescu (Various interests - GR III / Romania)

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    Migration
  • 8 Nov 2016
    Towards an EU strategy for international cultural relations Ongoing References: REX/480 Referral Rapporteur: Luca Jahier (Various interests - GR III / Italy)

    Related Sections

    REX Section
  • 20 Oct 2016
    EESC opinion: The 2030 Agenda – a European Union committed to sustainable development globally Adopted References: REX/461 EESC-2016-00758-00-00-AC-TRA Own-initiative Rapporteur: Ioannis Vardakastanis (Various interests - GR III / Greece) Plenary Session: 520 - 19 Oct 2016 - 20 Oct 2016 (Summary Plenary Session)

    The 2030 Agenda represents a breakthrough in multilateral cooperation, in the sense that it puts social and human development on a par with economic progress, and sees these three dimensions as a whole. Whereas the MDGs (Millennium Development goals) addressed primarily developing countries, this new Agenda is a transformational and universal agenda for all countries, and promotes a new, inclusive and participatory method of decision-making.

     

    The EU showed significant leadership in the process leading up to the adoption of the new SDGs (Sustainable Development Goasl). The opinion stresses that the EU needs to hold up its credibility both internally and externally, when it comes to implementing the Agenda and its 17 goals. Pointing to the universal and indivisible nature of the Agenda, the opinion underlines the importance of an EU response at the highest level, providing a robust base on which an overarching EU strategy should be founded. The opinion also calls upon civil society in Europe and worldwide, to play its role in monitoring the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, and in bringing the debate on the 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals to the capitals.

    Related Documents

    EESC opinion: The 2030 Agenda – a European Union committed to sustainable development globally

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Themes

    External Relations - Enlargement/EUNeighbours, External Relations - the rest of the world

    Related Sub Themes

    Sustainable development

    Related Events

    Plenary Session 19-20 October 2016
  • 14 Oct 2016
    EU-Korea Free Trade Agreement (evaluation) Ongoing References: REX/479 Rapporteur: Dumitru FORNEA (Workers - GR II / Romania)

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    International Trade

    Related Themes

    External Relations - the rest of the world
  • 11 Oct 2016
    Regular migration to the EU Adopted References: REX/460 Rapporteur: Dimitris Dimitriadis (Employers - GR I / Greece) Co-rapporteur: Jean-Marc Roirant (Various interests - GR III / France)

    This report follows the conclusion of the 2015 Euro-Mediterranean Summit of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions on cooperation with third countries in promoting regular migration to the EU and will be presented at the 2016 Euromed Summit. Cooperation with countries of origin and international bodies to increase transit possibilities for regular migrants to the EU is the most effective way of combating the illicit trafficking of people and meeting the need for workers in EU countries. The aim of the information report is to define the pillars that can facilitate cooperation on regular migration and ascertain what experience has been gained from labour migration agreements with countries of origin and from the ways in which the Member States manage recruitment abroad.

    Related Documents

    EESC section opinion: Information Report - Cooperation with third countries in promoting regular migration to the EU

    Related Sections

    SOC Section, REX Section

    Related Themes

    External Relations - Enlargement/EUNeighbours, Social Affairs

    Related Sub Themes

    Euromed, Migration

    Related Events

    Plenary Session 19-20 October 2016
  • 22 Sep 2016
    The role of Turkey in the refugee crisis Ongoing References: REX/476 Own-initiative Rapporteur: Dimitris DIMITRIADIS (Employers - GR I / Greece)

    Turkey’s geographical position makes it a first reception and transit country for many refugees and migrants. As the result of an unprecedented influx of people seeking refuge, the country currently hosts more than 2.7 million registered Syrian refugees and is making commendable efforts to provide them with humanitarian aid and support. The EU is committed to assist Turkey in dealing with this challenge.

     

    As part of a wider programme of country visits to 11 EU countries and to Turkey, an EESC delegation undertook a three-day mission to Ankara and Izmir to meet authorities and civil society organisations active in the migration field from 9 to 11 March 2016. In the report from this fact-finding mission, a significant number of important issues have been raised about the country's role – as a gateway to the EU – in the refugee crisis.

     

    The EU-Turkey Statement, which was issued on 18 March 2016, reconfirmed both parties' commitment to the implementation of the EU-Turkey joint action plan activated on 29 November 2015. The European Commission is issuing regular progress reports on its implementation.

     

    In the light of Turkey's ever-expanding role as the EU's most important partner in tackling the current migrant crisis, there is a need for an in-depth examination of different aspects of protection which Turkey offers to refugees. With this own-initiative opinion, the EESC wishes to contribute to this examination from the point of view of civil society organisations (CSOs), by devoting particular attention to evaluating economic, social and humanitarian conditions of refugees in the country, by analysing in depth the role of Turkey in tackling the refugee crisis and by identifying new areas of cooperation.

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Themes

    External Relations - Enlargement/EUNeighbours

    Related Sub Themes

    Migration

Results 1 to 10 out of 140.