Opinions from the REX section - page 1

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  • 15 Feb 2017
    EESC Opinion - Establishing a new Partnership Framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration Ongoing References: REX/478 Referral - Rapporteur: Cristian Pîrvulescu (Various interests - GR III / Romania)

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    Migration

    Related Events

    Plenary Session 22-23 February 2017
  • 7 Feb 2017
    REX/485 - Renewed ACP Partnership Ongoing References: REX/485 Referral - Rapporteur: Brenda King (Employers - GR I / United Kingdom)

    The Commission recently published a Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the ACP Group of countries. ACP-EU relations are currently governed by the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that will expire in 2020, therefore the Commission has published recommendations on what the future structure should be. Last year the EESC already drafted a general opinion on the post-Cotonou framework; this new opinion will have to answer specifically to the Commission's communication.

  • 30 Jan 2017
    REX/481 - Participation of the Union in PRIMA Adopted References: REX/481 EESC-2017-EESC-2017-00045-00-00-AC-TRA Referral General Rapporteur: Mr Emilio Fatovic (Workers - GR II / Italy) Plenary Session: 522 - 25 Jan 2017 - 26 Jan 2017

    Related Documents

    EESC opinion: REX/481 - Participation of the Union in PRIMA

    Related Sub Themes

    Euromed, Innovation, Research and development

    Related Themes

    External Relations - the rest of the world
  • 26 Jan 2017
    EU development partnerships and the challenge posed by international tax agreements Ongoing References: REX/487 Own-initiative Rapporteur: Gajdosik Alfred (Various interests - GR III / Austria) Co-rapporteur: Wagnsonner Thomas (Workers - GR II / Austria)
  • 24 Jan 2017
    REX/484 - European Consensus on Development Ongoing References: REX/484 Referral Rapporteur: Ionuţ Sibian (Various interests - GR III / Romania) Co-rapporteur: Mihai Manoliu (Employers - GR I / Romania)

    The 2030 Agenda, the new global framework for sustainable development agreed by the UN in 2015, needs to be reflected in EU's development policy, the major orientations of which are set out in the 2005 European Consensus on Development ("the Consensus").

    To this end, the Commission issued Communication COM(2016) 740, "Proposal for a New European Consensus on Development: Our World, Our Dignity, Our Future" in November 2016.  Interinstitutional negotiations are expected to result in its endorsement in the form of a Joint Statement by the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission, in May 2017.

  • 12 Jan 2017
    REX/483 - Trade Defence Instruments – methodology Ongoing References: REX/483 Referral Rapporteur: Christian Bäumler (Workers - GR II / Germany) Co-rapporteur: Andrés Barceló Delgado (Employers - GR I / Germany)

    The proposal covers targeted amendments to Regulation (EU) 2016/1036 on protection against dumped imports from countries that are not members of the European Union (the Basic Anti-Dumping Regulation) and to Regulation (EU) 2016/1037 on protection against subsidised imports from countries that are not members of the European Union (the Basic Anti-Subsidy Regulation). The regulation aims to change the way for determination of normal value in the presence of market distortions: the Regulation stipulates the basis on which normal value should be determined in the case of imports from non-market economy countries.

     

    For WTO members, the normal value is normally determined on the basis of the domestic prices of the like product or on the basis of a constructed normal value. There are circumstances, however, in which the domestic prices and costs would not provide a reasonable basis to determine the normal value. This could be the case, for instance, when prices or costs are not the result of free market forces because they are affected by government intervention.

     

    In such circumstances, the Commission considers that it would be inappropriate to use domestic prices and costs to determine the value at which the like product should be normally sold. Accordingly, a new provision stipulates that the normal value would instead be constructed on the basis of costs of production and sale reflecting undistorted prices or benchmarks. For this purpose, the sources that may be used would include undistorted international prices, costs, or benchmarks, or corresponding costs of production and sale in an appropriate representative country with a similar level of economic development as the exporting country.

     

    This methodology would allow the Commission to establish and measure the actual magnitude of dumping being practised in normal market conditions absent distortions.

     

    For the sake of transparency and efficiency, the Commission services intend to issue public reports describing the specific situation concerning the market circumstances in any given country or sector. Such reports and the evidence on which it is based would also be placed on the file of any investigation relating to that country or sector so that all interested parties would be in a position to express their views and comments.

     

    The  proposal introduces specific disciplines ensuring that the entry into force of the new system would not create legal uncertainty for ongoing cases or unduly affect existing measures. Thus, the proposal makes clear that the new system would only apply to cases initiated upon entry into force of the amended provisions. Any given ongoing anti-dumping investigation at the time of entry into force would remain governed by the current disciplines.

     

    The proposal also makes amendment to the Basic Anti-Subsidy Regulation as the experience shows that the actual magnitude of subsidisation is not always evident at the time of initiation. Yet, those subsidies clearly provide an unfair benefit the exporters concerned, which allow them to sell at injurious prices to the EU market.

     

    For reasons of due process and transparency, the proposal clarifies that, when such subsidies are found in the course of any given investigation or review, the Commission will offer additional consultations to the country of origin and/or export concerned with regard to such subsidies identified in the course of the investigation. In these situations, the Commission will send to the country of origin and/or export a summary of the main elements concerning these other subsidies to ensure meaningful consultations.

     

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    International Trade
  • 13 Dec 2016
    International ocean governance: an agenda for the future of our oceans Ongoing References: REX/482 Referral - Rapporteur: Jan Simons (Employers - GR I / Netherlands)

    For the European Union and many nations around the world, the oceans hold a key to the future. They offer great potential for boosting growth, jobs and innovation. The output of the global ocean economy is estimated at EUR 1.3 trillion and this could more than double by 2030. 

    The oceans play a key role in regulating the climate system. They produce half our oxygen and have absorbed most of the world’s extra heat and around 25 % of CO2 emissions. Many island (including Small Island Developing States) and coastal countries are dependent on marine resources and vulnerable to the potential impacts of human activities on conservation and sustainable use.

    Some of the most pressing global challenges – including climate change, poverty, safe, nutritious and sufficient food for a population projected to reach nine billion by 2050 – can be addressed effectively only if the oceans are safe, secure, clean and sustainably managed.

    As a strong global actor, the European Union needs to set out an agenda for better ocean governance based on a cross-sectoral, rules-based international approach. The Communication is also an EU's response to the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular Sustainable Development Goal 14 "to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources". It is based on the political mandate given to Commissioner Vella by President Juncker "to engage in shaping international ocean governance in the UN, in other multilateral fora and bilaterally with key global partners".

    The Communication sets out 14 sets of actions in 3 priority areas: 1) Improving the international ocean governance framework; 2) Reducing human pressure on the oceans and creating the conditions for a sustainable blue economy; 3) Strengthening international ocean research and data.

    Related Documents

    International ocean governance: an agenda for the future of our oceans

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Themes

    External Relations - the rest of the world, Agriculture and Environment

    Related Sub Themes

    Environment & Sustainability, Environment, Sustainable development, Water
  • 6 Dec 2016
    Enhancement of the EU-Turkey bilateral trade relations and the modernisation of the Customs Union Adopted References: REX/468 EESC-2016-3440 Referral Rapporteur: Dimitris Dimitriadis (Employers - GR I / Greece) Plenary Session: 521 - 14 Dec 2016 - 15 Dec 2016

    The EESC still considers that Turkey remains a very important partner and that the political will exists to increase levels of cooperation, but only provided that compliance with the fundamental European values and the principles of democracy, the rule of law and human rights is ensured.

    The EESC believes that ongoing developments have rendered the current Customs Union (CU) agreement obsolete and that the parties to the agreement will have to start serious negotiations on strengthening their economic ties by establishing a new type of trade agreement that reflects current needs. The recent adjustments and best practices implemented in various trade agreements have transformed models for sustainability, transparency and the involvement of the social partners and civil society in international trade agreements.

    The EESC proposes that the following areas be included in the regulatory framework of the new agreement: agriculture (with all the requirements set out in the opinion), services, public procurement, unprocessed products and raw materials, consumer protection, environmental protection and sustainable development, equivalence of regulatory regimes for veterinary, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and of food safety policy, effective protection of labour rights and decent jobs, protection of health and safety in the workplace, facilitation of e-commerce and introduction of a digital agenda that establishes free movement of digital data, energy policy and energy security, promotion of innovation and protection of intellectual property, combating corruption and money laundering, improved incentives for SMEs, simplified administrative procedures and reduced administrative costs, investment and updating of investment legislation with the aim of protecting investors, and concurrent introduction of an impartial dispute settlement procedure, improvement of the procedure for transposing and incorporating European legislation into the Turkish legal system, more robust provisions to ensure that the content of the revised agreement and the implementing provisions complies with the EU acquis.

    The EESC believes that any type of trade agreement between the EU and Turkey will have to include effective consultation and inclusion of the social partners (employers and employees) and of civil society organisations at both the negotiating and implementation stages.

    Related Documents

    EESC opinion: Enhancement of the EU-Turkey bilateral trade relations and the modernisation of the Customs Union

    Related Events

    Plenary Session 14-15 December 2016
  • 22 Nov 2016
    The external dimension of social economy Ongoing References: REX/472 Own-initiative Rapporteur: Miguel Ángel Cabra de Luna (Various interests - GR III / Spain)

    Following the adoption by the UN of the new sustainable development agenda, the opinion aims to generate proposals that are relevant to that debate and to how the social economy sector could be leveraged globally to attain the new goals set in New York in September 2015. In particular, the opinion will potentially look at the following issues:

    • the role that social economy enterprises and organisations can play in contributing to the EU's external policy priorities (fight against poverty and malnutrition, cooperation and development, avoiding radicalisation, promoting human rights, peace and stability, etc.);
    • how EU external policies (foreign policy, neighbourhood policy, trade policy, cooperation and development) and their respective instruments can be used to promote the development of social economy enterprises and organisations in third countries complementing those instruments already in place;
    • exploring synergies with the increasing work that other international organisations (UN, World Bank, OECD, ILO, etc.) are doing to promote the social economy;
    • putting forward proposals to ensure the EU’s leadership in this area, establishing the exchange of good practices and knowledge (learning from our differences) and boosting the capacity of organisations, individuals and communities;
    • promoting a regional approach as well as the transition from the black economy and precarious jobs to a formal economy and secure and decent jobs;
    • supporting governments in promoting an enabling environment to develop these initiatives.

    The added value of the opinion lies in addressing an issue that has not yet been dealt with properly by the EU institutions, as well as doing it at a particularly timely moment, given the increasing international awareness of the potential of the social economy as a driver of sustainable economic growth. It will provide follow-up to the seminar on the topic organised by REX on 29 January 2015 and ultimately strengthen the EESC's leadership in this area.

    Related Sections

    REX Section

    Related Sub Themes

    International Trade, Social Policy
  • 9 Nov 2016
    REX/477 - Establishing the EFSD Guarantee and the EFSD Guarantee Fund Ongoing References: REX/477 Referral - Rapporteur: Jan Simons (Employers - GR I / Netherlands)

    Related Sections

    REX Section

Results 1 to 10 out of 145.