Carbon prices are now pivotal in the fight against climate change, as they are acknowledged to be a key economic and financial tool for weaning economies off carbon.
Set directly or indirectly, explicitly or implicitly, carbon prices play a very different role in the EU Member States' climate policies, albeit chiefly through taxes which primarily affect jobs and the purchasing power of the least well-off households. These policies have a deflationary effect on economic growth and are at the root of the rise in social inequality in many European countries, which is why the policies urge compensation mechanisms to mitigate this effect. However, looking for new sources of revenue and jobs would seem to be the most appropriate response - although taxes cannot be excluded – to kick start fair, equitable, low-carbon growth in Europe.
Introduced on 1 April 2012 by the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Citizens' Initiative is the most important instrument of participative democracy in the European Union. By collecting at least 1 million signatures from at least 7 EU Member States, citizens have the right to call directly on the European Commission to propose a legal act or modify the existing one. This Guide is to provide you with an idea of how to get involved. In nine steps, it explains what organisers of a European Citizens' Initiative have to do, at what point, what the hurdles and procedures are: from the first idea to registration, collecting signatures to, hopefully, presenting your million signatures to the European Commission.
This brochure is based on the 2014 Annual Activity Report issued in July 2015.
In line with the EESC's mission statement, this report aims to highlight what we are doing and why we are doing it!
This publication is part of a series of catalogues published in the context of the exhibitions organized by the EESC.
To remain competitive in a globalised economy, the European Union needs a coherent and comprehensive EU Aviation Strategy. In the view of the EESC, the starting point for such a strategy should be the fact that the economies of numerous countries outside the EU have grown, which has promoted aviation as a facilitator of such growth. An EU-wide aviation strategy should therefore be based upon three pillars.
While the European Union is seeking a new breath without actually achieving to reach it, Europe continues to move forward. The organised Civil Society, rooted in ground realities, builds it day by day, relying on the creativity and the common sense of convinced women and men. In the recent years, the European Economic and Social Committee has carried out numerous actions to improve the lives of Europeans and brought to the highest authorities concrete tracks of advancement, without hesitating to conduct internal reforms in order to achieve. It is all these successes - which were made possible only because they have been conducted by involved actors, mainly the EESC members - that President Malosse, in this time of stock of office, wanted to highlight through this short work. These success stories reflect a greater will of involvement from citizens, an awareness that change is at hand. This work is also a call for the European civil society to find at last its role within the Brussels chessboard - that of the new European engine.
This publication provides an overall perspective of the key recommendations contained in the opinions adopted by the European Economic and Social Committee on maritime affairs over the last four years. EESC opinions express the views of organised civil society and, according to the Treaties, are published in the Official Journal of the EU and taken into consideration by the European Institutions involved in the legislative process (European Parliament, Council of the European Union and European Commission).
The complete text of the opinions can be consulted online in all EU languages at http://europa.eu/!ut67yC.
"Achieving sustainable growth in a competitive world is challenging. The challenge is even greater for the European Union, as the Old Continent faces a severe competitiveness deficit. Without entering into a health review, that could be delivered at a further stage, of each of the 28 Member States, the ambition of this study is to draw-up a comprehensive picture of EU economic growth.
The business sector in Europe believes it is time to redefine EU priorities, by putting competitiveness first, implementing the better regulation agenda and offering better support for innovation. To improve the environment for investments in innovation and to address issues underpinning it, an appropriate framework must be put in place.
This document is a summary of the discussion on "Industrial competitiveness: how to respond to innovation challenges, " which took place in Vilnius, Lithuania, on 15 June 2015. The meeting was organised together with the Lithuanian Confederation of Industrialists.
Europe is lagging behind other global players in terms of research and development (R&D). The business sector in Europe believes that if the EU is to become more competitive globally, more focus needs to be put on innovation. Greater clarity is needed in setting priorities. The most serious problem is that despite funds being allocated to basic research, the results of the research process do not make it to the market. Research and new technologies exist, but there are obstacles preventing them from being brought to customers.
This document is a summary of the discussion on Innovation across Europe – best practices, which took place in Oeiras, Portugal, on 5 June 2015. The meeting was organised together with the Portuguese Confederation of Employers.
The social dialogue and industrial relations in Bulgaria are developing in an unfavorable environment. A trend towards decentralisation of collective bargaining and abandoning the practice of extending the branch collective agreements is observed. All these developments are gradually diminishing the collective bargaining coverage.